Chapter 3 Tutorials

Boolean Operators
From the University of Auckland

Boolean Tutorial
From Colorado State University

What the Heck is Boolean Searching
From Western Carolina University

Keywords and Subject Headings—Two Ways of Searching
A presentation demonstrating the usefulness of searching with subject headings.

Library of Congress Subject Headings
From University of California, Berkeley

Library of Congress Call Number and Shelving Tutorial

Library of Congress Call Number Quiz

Subject Headings: What Are They
From Indiana State University


Chapter 3 Take-aways

chapter3cloud2Chapters 3 and 4 are the most difficult chapters and the quizzes are the most complex. Go over these questions after you have read the chapter and see if that helps you at all.

This slide deck explains why controlled vocabulary (Library of Congress subject headings) is so important:


1. QuickSearch: Using the far right or third drop-down menu under the QuickSearch box, what is the best strategy for finding (describe your search and the menu item you would use):

  • A book by Tapscott on the digital generation?
  • A book by Sandra Gilbert with a title that includes the word madwoman?
  • A book by Land and Meyer?
  • The style manual by the American Psychological Association?
  • Any publication from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers?
  • A book with the word inferno in the title, written by Brown?
  • A book about introverts with the word quiet in the title?
  • The book The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People?

2. QuickSearch: Use QuickSearch to search for the book titled How to win friends and influence people. Click on the details for that book. If you wanted to read other books on the same subject, which link(s) in the Details view should you click?

3. QuickSearch: Use QuickSearch to search for the book titled The future: six drivers of global change. Click on the details for that book. If you wanted to read other books on the same subject, which link(s) in the Details view should you click on?

4. QuickSearch: QuickSearch lets you refine or narrow your search results using links on the left side of the screen. Do a search on hurricane katrina. What are some criteria that can refine your search results in Quick Search?

5. Boolean operators (AND, OR and NOT) can be very confusing.

boolean and

If you want to find information on trauma in childhood, if you just look for trauma, you will find lots of things (articles, books, etc) that are NOT about trauma in children. If you search for trauma AND children, you will get only those materials that have BOTH of the words in them. What you see as the darker blue section of the figure at the intersection of the circles is the universe that you would get of trauma and children. As you can see, you’re going to get fewer results than if you typed either in children or trauma by themselves.

Remember: When you connect words with the Boolean AND, you will get fewer results because you are getting results with BOTH words present in them.

If you wanted to find information on the growth of mobile technology usage in the past five years, you might start out with growth as one of your search terms. However, there are other terms that mean the same as growth. So the term growth in one article might be called development in another. So you want to make sure you get all the articles with both terms in them. If you look for growth OR development, you will be increasing the number of results—you’ll be getting all of the results that have either word in them, or all the blue areas.

Remember: When you connect words with the Boolean OR, you will get more results because you are getting results with either word in them.

boolean and 2

Back to the question on the growth of mobile technology. You would want to search for the terms growth or development and you want those items that are about growth or development of mobile technology. You would couple the words growth and development using an OR—growth OR development with the subject of mobile technology:


6. Using Google Books: You need to find the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe. All the copies in the library are checked out, so you check Google Books. This is what you see:

robinson crusoe

What are your options for this book?

So let’s look at another one. You cannot find the book Imperial life in the emerald city: inside Iraq’s green zone in the library. You look for it in Google Books and this is what you find:

imperial life

But when you click on the button that says VIEW EBOOK, you see this:


What does that mean?

7. Call numbers: You know that call numbers are a little confusing. All those letters and numbers. You need to remember:

  • B comes before BF comes before BL comes before
  • After the letters, the numbers in the first line are numerical—not decimal. LC59 comes before LC100 comes before LC 250 comes before LC 1234
  • On the second line, books are shelved by alphabetical order, but the numbers in the second line are decimals, as are any other number on a third line (unless it’s a date). So LC250/S54 comes before LC250/S6 comes before LC250/S7354.9.

So let’s try putting some call numbers in order:

call numbers1 unordered

And let’s try another group:

call numbers2 unordered

Now check the answers below to see how you did!

Answers to Question 1:

  1. tapscott AND digital generation——–using the menu item Anywhere in the record.
  2. gilbert AND madwoman——–Anywhere in the record
  3. land AND meyer——–As author/creator
  4. asimov AND robot——–Anywhere in the record
  5. american psychological association AND style——–Anywhere in the record
  6. institute of electrical and electronics engineers——–As author/creator
  7. inferno AND brown——–Anywhere in the record
  8. introverts AND quiet——–Anywhere in the record
  9. 7 habits of highly effective people——--In the title

Answer to question 2:

If you wanted to find books on the same subject, you would click on one of the links next to Subjects: Success; Persuasion (psychology); Leadership; Business communication.

Answer to question 3:

Click on one of the subjects listed in the record: Social change; Economic history—21st century; Technological innovations; Global environmental change; Globalization.

Answer to question 4:

You can only use the criteria that are listed on the left side of your search results to refine a search. So you can refine by Topic, Creator, Collection, Creation date, Resource type, Language, Classification. You cannot refine a search by popularity or by searching for another word within your search results, or by changing to a subject search.

Answer to question 6:

For Robinson Crusoe: If you look at the left hand side of the page, you see a red square that says EBOOK – FREE. That means you can download the whole text of this book right now!

For Imperial Life in the Emerald City: It means that you cannot get a free version of this book through Google Books. But—if you remember in the introductory chapter, we have a service called Interlibrary Loan, and you can request that book through that service.

Answers to Question 7:

call numbers1 in order

call numbers2 in order

If you have any questions about anything in this blog exercise or anything else in chapter 3, please contact me through the email function in Blackboard!!

Chapters 3-5

elephantThis is when your lib 160 quizzes get a little tougher.  Quizzes 3 and 4 are usually especially difficult for many students.  Please 

  • think carefully about your answers and 
  • check the readings and the blog if you don’t understand a question.  Also remember that 
  • each attempt is essentially a new quiz–the answer to question 3 (or any other question) on your 3rd attempt is not the same answer (or question) as on your 2nd attempt.  
  • Review your previous attempt(s) before starting a new one.  
  • Start early, so if you are having problems I can help.  And–I can’t stress this enough–
  • do not take a 5th attempt without contacting me first.  Remember, I want everyone to pass this course.  

Chapter 2 Tutorials

Evaluating Internet Sites 101
From the University of Albany, State University of New York

Google Scholar Basics
A short video introduction to Google Library from Riverpoint Library.

Internet Detective
Developed by several scholars at British universities. Award winning.

Web and L.I.Brary
A take-off on the PC vs. Mac commercial. The YouTube description says merely that it was originally created for a community college

Chapter 2 Take-aways


Chapter 2 discusses the differences between Google and Google Scholar.  Both have their uses.  I use Google every day to purchase things or to find out about an upcoming dog show or to find lists of the best refrigerators to buy.  I also frequently use Google Scholar when I want to find scholarly research articles on a topic that I’m having difficulty finding elsewhere.  So, the question below is based on the Chapter 2 readings: 

1. Which of these would more commonly be in: Google Scholar or Google?

  1. Articles on the effects of pets on human longevity
  2. Pages to order pet gear
  3. A critical examination of the effects of the web on print newspapers
  4. A copy of The Onion
  5. A diagram of the periodic table of elements
  6. Background information on the Vietnam War
  7. An analysis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Vietnam War vets

Answers are on the bottom of this page.

Chapter 2 lists criteria for evaluating information available on a website:

  • Accuracy–Is the information on the site accurate, factual?  
  • Authority–Is the author or sponsor of the website qualified to write expertly on this topic?
  • Content–A lot like accuracy. How does the content compare with other information you know about a topic? Is coverage complete? Does it leave out important information?
  • Currency–Look for a creation or “last updated” date. Non-working links could indicate the site has not be updated in a while. In some cases currency is not as important as other criteria (e.g., popular songs recorded in the 1960s), but in most cases it can be crucial (e.g., news of the day, new developments in cancer treatment).
  • Point of view–Does the site give more than one point of view on an issue, or does it only show one side of an issue?
  • Purpose–similar to point of view, ask yourself why the website exists. To inform? To convince or promote a particular viewpoint? To sell you something?

2. For each of the following websites, give the purpose of the site:



Chapter 2 indicates that Wikipedia has areas of strengths and areas of weaknesses. Most people would say you shouldn’t cite Wikipedia in a research paper.  But it is sometimes a great sources of information.  It often shows up early in Google search results because it is often used to introduce someone to a new issue or topic.

From the list of topics below, choose whether Wikipedia would be strong or weak for information on that topic.

  1. The architect for Vancouver’s tallest completed building.
  2. Information about the hip-hop band Public Enemy.
  3. Biographical information about Joseph McCarthy
  4. The world of professional wrestling
  5. Bauhaus architecture
  6. Detailed, factual information on slavery reparations after the Civil War
  7. The most recent information on the 2013 sequester
  8. Information on artificial intelligence.

Chapter 2 mentions that ISU makes its databases available to students who are working off-campus.  What do you use in order to log in to the databases the library makes available when you are off campus?

  1. Your nine-digit university ID number and a library password you choose
  2. Your net ID and password (for using CyMail, for example)
  3. Your eleven-digit university ID number and a library password you choose
  4. Your net ID and your university ID number


Answers to question 1:

  1. If you’re looking for articles, you search Google Scholar
  2. You can purchase items using Google
  3. To find critical analyses, use Google Scholar
  4. You can find issues of The Onion searching Google
  5. You can find images and diagrams by searching Google
  6. For background information on a subject, search Google
  7. For analytical studies, use Google Scholar

Answers to question 2:

  1. This is a company site and they want to sell you their products.
  2. This is an informational site—it’s there to inform.
  3. This is from an organization dedicated to erasing smoking from the world. They are pushing a certain point of view.
  4. This is a page from the National Institutes of Health whose purpose is to inform.
  5. The Sierra Club is a famous organization dedicated to the preservation of the land. They are pushing a point of view.
  6. This is a total hoax site.
  7. This is a site to sell test preparation for all of the national exams, such as the SAT, ACT, GRE, LSAT.

An organization whose purpose is to advocate for a particular point-of-view, such as the Sierra Club or Americans For Non-smokers’ Rights, is not necessarily a bad source of information. You just need to know their mission and validate information that you find on their sites.

Answers to question 3:

  1. Strong
  2. Strong
  3. Weak
  4. Strong
  5. Weak
  6. Weak
  7. Strong
  8. Strong

Answer to question 4:

To log into your library account off-campus, you need to use the last eleven digits of your university ID number and a password that you have previously chosen for this purpose

Chapter 1 Tutorials

Following are links to tutorials from other libraries that address some of the ideas in Chapter 1.

  • Assignment Calculator
    From San Jose State University, this interactive page lets you enter the due date for an assignment and then gives you particular dates for the different stages of your research. A great time-management tool.

  • How do I?
    This tutorial from the University of Washington offers information on the basics of research with some online quizzes included.

  • The Information Cycle
    A description of how the information cycle relates to the production of different types of materials (the internet, newspapers, magazines, journals, and books) based on the Columbine school shootings in Littleton, CO. This event may be a little before your time, but consider the information in light of 9/11 or the killings at the Boston Marathon in April 2013.

  • The Information Cycle
    Another explanation of the information cycle from the University of Washington, focused on the Japanese tsunami of 2011.

  • One Perfect Source?
    Doing research isn’t about finding one article that covers your topic perfectly.

  • Picking Your Topic IS Research
    Understanding the iterative process of the research process. Very well done.

  • Tutorial For Information Power (TIP)
    From the University of Wyoming

Chapter 1 Take-aways

From De Montfort University Library, Leicester, UK (


When you are first starting to think about your topic for an assignment, there are issues about it that you need to consider BEFORE starting to do any research.

The first of these is WHEN the event you are writing about occurred. The time of the event will determine what kinds of information resources might be available to you. For instance, if you are doing a project on the election primaries, because they are happening now, you probably won’t find many journal articles on this topic, unless you are looking for general information on election primaries in general. Nor, probably, will you find books. It takes time to publish both books and scholarly journal articles, and the recent U.S. election primaries are too recent. You can probably find magazine, newspapers, and web sites that discuss this particular subject.


So when an event occurred is going to be very influential in determining what kinds of information you will find.

If you know nothing about a topic you are beginning to research, encyclopedias can be useful. In this particular case, probably Wikipedia is a good place to start.


Chapter 2 mentions 3 major consideration to help you get started in your research.   The chart below identifies those three:



Finding Tools

What are the three major finding tools for your research, according to Chapter 1:

  • Library discovery tools (in our library–QuickSearch)–books, videos, sometimes websites
  • Periodical indexes–journal article
  • Web search engines–journal articles, videos, websites

These are the tools you use to find the appropriate information sources, such as books, journal articles, videos, newspaper articles, and web sites that might be appropriate for your research project.

Types of Information Sources

Chapter 1 illustrates the types of information sources used for different types of information you need:

    • Library discovery tools

      • Background  information

      • Statistics

    • Periodical indexes

      • Statistics

      • News and general information

      • Scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles

    • Web search engines

      • Background information

      • Statistics

      • News & general information

      • Governmental sources

      • Other likely organizations, agencies


Choose your search terms carefully:

  • To get better, more relevant results
  • To help focus your search
  • To determine whether you’d be better off using a scholarly index with controlled  vocabulary
  • To use the correct controlled vocabulary for the different scholarly indexes